Benevento is a city that all travellers should visit at least once in their lives. Like every city with secular history, here you can find myths, legends and secrets. The history of Benevento begins a long time ago; He saw the passage of peoples like the Lombards and Sunnis.
The beauty of Benevento is linked to the mysteries of the city
The latter even made Benevento their capital. Instead, the Romans defined it as "miseventum", because they were defeated by the Samnite, in the famous battle of the Caudine Forks. Only afterwards, Benevento was again known by its Latin term Beneventum, or when the Romans finally managed to beat the Sunni.
A small curiosity related to Benevento is that forks Caudine still indicates someone who has suffered a defeat without equal.
One of the most famous legends circulating in Benevento would be linked to the presence of the witches. It seems that these last met near the river Saturday, right next to a walnut tree. The famous liquor "witch" owes its name to the legend that revolves around the witches; Today, it is believed that "they watch" on the city.
The Roman monuments present in the city are in excellent condition
The Romans obviously left a sign of their passage to Benevento; It is possible to visit many monuments of the time, including the Greek Theatre and the Trajan's arch. And so we offer you a mini guide on places of cultural and artistic interest to visit absolutely in the city, bearing in mind that they are only some of the excellences present in the city and that Benevento is rich in art and history.
- Trajan's Arch: we appointed him a while ago, and it is in fact one of the most imposing and important monuments present in Benevento. High 15.60 meters wide and 8.69, it is possible to admire in the center an inscription that weaves the praises of the great emperor Julius Caesar. Moreover, it is perfectly kept, although its construction is traced back to 114 A.D., as a celebratory act for the opening of the Trajan Street;
- Roman Theatre: It was built in the second century. It was Adriano who strongly wanted his construction; It was later enlarged by Caracalla, famous especially for the construction of the thermal baths. Home to numerous concerts for the excellent acoustics, the theatre has been closed for a long time until 1957. Because? Well, its existence is a "recent" Discovery: It was 1890, and on the Roman theatre, over the centuries, numerous houses were built. From 1957, you can admire it;
The Church of Saint Sophia: a place that encloses the characteristics of various artistic eras
- Church of Saint Sophia: we had specified it before, after all. Italy has always been subject to numerous invasions, after and during the Roman Empire. It is no exception to Benevento, which also hosted the Lombards. This church, in fact, was conceived and built by them. It is considered one of the most singular churches in Italy, because of its construction, not in line with the typical Lombard era. Later, it was restored twice, especially after the earthquake of 1688. Some characteristic was added during the restoration phase of the Baroque era.