The province of Naples extends for 1,178.93 sq km of the Campania territory, is located in the central part of the region, and counts 92 municipalities.
The territory of Naples is composed mostly of coastal and hilly areas bordered by the mountain ranges of the Milking mountains, the Parternio and the lace of vain.
Population: 3,113,898 inhabitants (01/01/2016-ISTAT)
Density: 2,641.28 ab./km²
It is the capital of the province and the Campania region, it is the third Italian city and the first of the South and it overlooks the Gulf open in the Tyrrhenian coast between the Flegrei fields and the Sorrentine Peninsula. Large tertiary Centre with directional functions (in the administrative, commercial, financial, cultural field), it covers a province that exceeds three million inhabitants and has the highest population density in Italy (2576 units per km2).
The port is, for passengers and freight, the most important of the Mezzogiorno, while the industrial activities mainly concern the steel sectors (although resized by the closure, in 1991, of the works of Bagnoli), mechanical, electrotechnical, chemical and Food.
Naples City of history and art
The Neapolitan city was born as a Cumana colony when in the 5th century B.C., a group of settlers from Cuma settled in the area between the islet of Megaride (where now stands the Castel dell ' Ovo) and Mount Echoa (today's Hill of Pizzofalcone) founding the city of Partenope. The new city, only a couple of kilometres away from the old town, arose in 475 B.C. It was called Neapolis (= new city) to distinguish it from the old Neapolitan.
Visiting the old town, it is so possible today to find an infinity of sites rich in traces of the prestigious past but it is above all the MANN (National Archaeological Museum of Naples) that keeps all the historical patrimony of the city and of Pompeii. Still intact the classical traces of the city in the underground Naples with the Teatro di Nerone, while from the forum of Piazza San Gaetano in Spaccanapoli and the walls of the Greek city in Piazza Bellini allow you to still observe the ancient plant of the city Decumani of Naples Roman.
The religious sites are numerous and magnificent: the Certosa di San Martino, one of the most beautiful monuments of Campania that dominates the hill of Vomero, and the monastery of Santa Chiara with its extraordinary majolica cloister. The Church of the new Jesus and the Pontifical Royal Basilica of San Francesco di Paola, which with his arms surrounds Piazza Plebiscito, to name a few.
There are numerous artistic testimonies of one of the most flourishing artistic historical epochs of Naples, the Baroque period from which the so-called "Neapolitan Baroque" was born, appreciable in monuments such as: The Church of Santa Maria of the Souls in Purgatory in Arco, the Church of San Giacomo degli Spaniards, located in Piazza Municipio, inside the Palazzo San Giacomo, the church of San Gregorio Armeno. Among all the religious complexes it is necessary to mention the Cappella Sansevero, which is a crucial example of the Neapolitan Baroque spirit thanks to the "Christ Veiled", sculpted by Giuseppe, the commission of Raymond Di Sangro.
Today, Naples has also become a veritable gallery of contemporary art in the open air with the murals of Jaris and Bansky that decorate the walls and the metro of art a project that has transformed the Metro stations into real works of art.
All municipalities of the Province of Naples (in alphabetical order):
Carbonara of Nola
Casalnuovo of Naples
Casola of Naples
Castellammare di Stabia
Marano di Napoli
Melito di Napoli
Monte di Procida
Mugnano of Naples
Piano di Sorrento
San Gennaro Vesuviano
San Giorgio to Cremate
San Giuseppe Vesuviano
St. Paul Beautiful site
San Sebastiano Al Vesuvio
Santa Maria the charity
Torre del Greco