Visiting the imposing city of Paestum is an artistic journey in search of Greek culture and origins. The first name of Paestum was Poseidon: It was the Greeks who built it. Landed in Calabria in 600 B.C., the Greeks were looking for a place to colonize and to sneak up on.
The first temple they built was for Poseidon, in their Agropoli.
After that, they moved to the vicinity where the Paestum now rises and began to build the places of worship dedicated to their divinities.
Poseidon: The city founded by the Greeks
Here you can admire the temples, which still remain important testimonies to us today. Some have a definite cult, others are still undoubted: what is not undoubted is their beauty.
- The Temple of Hera: It is the oldest temple in Paestum. His date of origin should be 560 BCE. It is part of the first generation of stone temples. Unfortunately, in the course of time, many temples have deteriorated: this is not the case for Hera, which is still preserved in a perfect way today. This temple has something of particular: for example, compared to the other, more classic, it has no gables and the plant is not considered canonical. Some refer to him with the term "basilica". There are many inscriptions that would like Hera Temple: the latter was the wife of Zeus and protected the Achei during the famous war;
The temples still remain in excellent condition
- The Temple of Athena: Everyone knows Athena, commonly known as the goddess of war. As for this temple, it is the only one in which the worship of the Goddess is proven. It is located in the high city and dominates the landscape with its imposing structure. It should go back around 500 BC;
- The Temple of Neptune: Each temple has its own peculiarity. In this case, we find ourselves at one of the largest temples, which saw its birth during the 5th century B.C. Describes the Greek architecture in a perfect way. We can tell you that in Olympia the temple of Zeus was built in the same century; However, the Temple of Neptune is maintained in a better state. His construction of boulders between them has allowed him to remain totally intact, despite the seismic events over the centuries. We do not know for sure whether or not this temple is dedicated to the cult of Neptune. It is to be said that archaeologists have found a statue of Zeus nearby.
We leave you the timetable to visit the Paestum and its temples.
- The museum's timetable ranges from 8:30 until 19:30. The first and third Monday of the month the timetable changes and becomes from 8:30 until 13:40;
- To visit the archaeological area, the temples, you will have to Andre from 8:30 until 19:30. The timetable does not undergo any variation, it is the same from Monday until Sunday.
The only days when it is impossible to visit the Paestum and the temples are December 25th and January 1st. In addition, on the site dedicated to Paestum you can book a tourist guide to guide you to discover the city.