The establishment of the Regional museum itinerary of Memory and Peace "John Palatucci" is linked to the sad story that the small town Salerno lived during the Second World War when, following the racial laws, it is decided to adibirvi the most Great of the Italian internment centers for Jews. In This historical context is grafted the figure of Giovanni Palatucci, official of the Foreign Office of the police headquarters of Rijeka, in agreement with his uncle Bishop of Campagna, Giuseppe Maria Palatucci, manages to save from death thousands of Jews Internando Campaign. Discovered by the GESTAPO on September 13, 1944 Palatucci is arrested and transferred to the Dachau extermination camp where he finds death "a few days after the liberation. In 1990 the State of Israel recognized him "just among the nations", in 1995 he was awarded the gold Medal of Civil Merit "to the memory" by the President of the Republic and in recent years the Catholic Church has initiated the process of Beatification.
Property Type: Countryside municipality
Regional recognition: Yes
Competent body: Superintendence for artistic and ethno historical heritage for the provinces of Salerno and Avellino
In the museum "Itinerary of Memory and peace" it is possible to retrace the work of Giovanni Palatucci and his uncle Bishop, highlighting the immense humanity with which the entire country community has helped to alleviate the suffering of the many refugees Interned.
The itinerary of memory and peace, realized within the monumental complex of San Bartolomeo, runs along a permanent exhibition of photographic panels that retrace the entire history with documents and images of the Shoah.
The monumental complex of S. Bartolomeo is the pivot around which the entire path called the "Itinerary of Memory and Peace" revolves.
The entire museum path focuses on the temporal events of the Jews; The tearing of the war recalls that of the earthquake of 1980 and the lithic elements represent the silent witnesses of the "Vanishing City" which welcomes the visitor at the entrance of the museum, after which it has traveled the itinerary that takes it through the alleys Of the old town and through the sharp ascent of S. Bartolomeo.
A bookshop will be effective vehicle of informative and didactic material of the visitors, while a point of refreshment can also be time of a pause and a reflection on the delicate subject covered. The itinerary of memory and Peace is also composed of a new emotional hall that tells, through the montage of videos and photographs, the path of the deportees from their hometowns to the field of internment of country.
John Palatucci and the Jews to campaign
Giovanni Palatucci was born in Malik (Av) on May 31, 1909. The moral and cultural authority of his uncles Antonio and Alfonso and his uncle Giuseppe Maria Palatucci, Bishop of Campagna, are important in his training. He participates in the competition for police officers and is sent to Genoa as deputy commissioner. From 1937 it is assigned to the Foreign Office of the Police Department of Rijeka, assignment which puts it in direct contact with a reality of rare humanity and in particular with the condition of the Jews. In carrying out his work, he saves thousands of Jews at risk of his own life, providing them with special permits, implementing actions of misdirection and facilitating the escape abroad and the routing in the Italian centers less exposed to the racial laws; It is entrusting to the protection of the Uncle Bishop of Campagna, Giuseppe Maria Palatucci, who manages to save many Jews Internando in the concentration camp of the town, realizing that that field, even with all the hardships of the internment, offers a refuge To the Jews much safer than the lands Yugoslav and, in agreement with the uncle Bishop, it puts into operation every stratagem to transfer there the refugees threatened by immediate dangers. Arrested and translated into the extermination camp in Dachau, he finds death "a few days after the liberation and only 36 years old, killed by the tortures and deprivations or-as it was said-by gun bursts." In the country, in addition to the naming of a square and a school, was inaugurated the "Centro Studi Giovanni Palatucci" which includes the museum "Itinerary of Memory and Peace" site in the complex of the ex-convent of San Bartolomeo.
Opening days: Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday
Opening hours: Monday to Friday: 8.30-13.30; Saturday and Sunday from 09.30 to 11.30 (on reservation)
- Title: Documents and images of the Holocaust.
Description: The central ambulatory of the first floor collects all the documents, in the original and/or in copy of the last river, correspondence with the Uncle Bishop, the public acts of the internment camp, the photos.
In the "Room of the Interni" has been reproposed the setting of a typical room with original furnishings, furnishings and vintage photos.
In the "Synagogue Hall" the setting of a place for the cult present in the field has been reproposed.
In the "teaching room" the didactic panels and a central wave tell the history of the internment camps in Italy and in particular in that of St. Bartholomew.
The "Hall of the Shoah" narrates with images the Nazi horror in Europe, with the crudeness of a reportage, almost in antithesis to the condition of the Jews in the field of St. Bartholomew.
The "emotional hall" set up on the ground floor, opposite the main entrance, was named after the Bishop of Campagna Mons. Giuseppe Maria Palatucci, and tells in 4 stages the story of the internees: 1-The arrest, the deportation, the places of provenance, the role of Giovanni Palatucci and of the Uncle Bishop Giuseppe Maria Palatucci in the sorting of the Jews from river to country; 2-The journey, the sensations, the uncertainty and the waiting; 3-The arrival to the countryside, the life in the field of internment, the living together with the local people, the Uncle Bishop of the country; 4-The arrival of the war with the Allied landing, the escape and the end of the internment, the tragic end of John Palatucci.
The "Room of Escape" concludes the memory path in the place where the internees were made to flee, through the mountains, after the signing of the Armistice of September 8, 1943, when it seemed certain that nothing could stop the Nazi fury after the great Betrayal of the Italians. The cartel, which at the time was found in the field, Campeggerà inside the hall to witness the perennial courage of the leaders of the camp: transferred Jews, unknown destination. The Donna and Shoah Room, a project created by the "T. Chan" in the countryside. The "Multifunctional room" will serve for conferences on the theme but also for cultural meetings.
How to arrive
By car: SA/RC A3 motorway
By train: Eboli station
By bus: SITA buses
By plane: Naples Capodichino
NOTES: The museum is located at the end of the old town, next to the Church of St. Bartholomew.