The excavations of Pompeii constitute an extraordinary testimony of the ancient world thanks to the state of preservation of the city, remained practically intact after the eruption that struck it in 79 d. C. Who erased it from the Vesuviano landscape. The city, thanks also to its position, was interested, between the VII and the sixth century. A. C, from a thriving indigenous settlement. Located between the sea and the river Sarno, Pompeii exploited, in fact, two important avenues of communication useful to trade. In the 5th century the city passed under the control of the Samnite, still exposed to Greek and Etruscan influence. In the 3rd century. B.C., in the aftermath of the Punic Wars, is lured into the orbit of Rome to which it finally binds in 80 B.C., with the foundation by Silla of the colony.
The entire area is a UNESCO site and is managed by the Superintendency of Pompeii that deals with its protection and valorization.
The eruption of 79 d. C is without a doubt the best known eruption of Vesuvius and perhaps the most famous volcanic eruption in history. This was described by Pliny the Younger in two famous letters in Tacitus, which are valuable documents for the volcanology. In Roman times, at the beginning of the first millennium, Vesuvius was not considered an active volcano and on its slopes arose some flourishing cities, which had developed thanks to the beauty and fertility of the places. In 62 A.D. The area Vesuvian was hit by a strong earthquake, which caused the collapse of many buildings and also produced damage to Nocera and Naples. At that time, no relationship was envisaged between the earthquake and the volcanic nature of the area. On 24 August of the year 79 A.D. Vesuvius came into operation after a quiet period of probably about eight centuries, pouring into the surrounding areas, in little more than thirty hours, about 4 Km3 of magma in the form of pumice and ashes.
Not to be missed
The side events organized at national occasions and the free entry on the first Sunday of each month, as the area adheres to the initiative of MIBACT #domenicalMuseo
The virtual reconstructions, the Antiquarium and the Domus recently restored and reopened to the public, such as the "House of the Chaste lovers" and the domus of the geometric mosaics.
How to arrive
The main inputs are located in:
- Porta Marina (via Villa dei Mysteries)
- Exedra Square (Porta Marina Lower Square)
- Amphitheatre Square (Immaculate Square)
By train Take the train Napoli-Salerno in the direction of Pompeii and then:
- For the entrance Porta Marina, Piazza Exedra, take the Circumvesuviana Napoli-Sorrento and book The Stop Pompei Villa dei mysteries.
- For the entrance square Amphitheater, take the Circumvesuviana Napoli-Poggiomarino and book The Stop Pompeii Sanctuary
By bus From Salerno to Naples CSTP N. 4 from Salerno CSTP N. 50 from Salerno by car Highway A3 Napoli-Salerno, Exit Pompei ovest
From April 1st to October 31st, from 9.00 a.m. to 7.30 p.m. (Saturday and Sunday opening 8.30-last admission 18.00) From 1 November to 31 March, from 9.00 to 5.00 p.m. (last admission 15.30) Closing days: 1 January, 1 May, 25 December.