Zone area and meaning of the areas
The protected Marine areas are generally divided into different types of zones, called A, B and C.
The aim is to ensure maximum protection for the areas of greater environmental value, which fall within the integral reserve Zones (zone A), strictly applying the constraints established by law. With zones B and zones C we want to ensure a gradual protection by implementing, through the decrees, the exceptions (derogations) to these constraints in order to combine the preservation of environmental values with the enjoyment and sustainable use of the environment Marino.
The three types of zones are delimited by geographical coordinates and shown in the cartography attached to the decree established in the Official journal. An excerpt is reported on the perimeter page.
• Zone A, of integral reserve, which is banned from all activities that may cause damage or disturbance to the marine environment. Zone A is the real heart of the reserve. In this area, identified in small areas, only scientific research activities and service activities are generally permitted.
• Zone B, of General reserve, where they are permitted, often regulated and authorized by the management body, a series of activities which, while granting a sustainable use and usage of the environment, have the lowest impact possible. B zones are usually not very extensive.
• Zone C, partial reserve, which represents the buffer belt between the areas of greater naturalistic value and the sectors outside the marine protected Area, where they are allowed and regulated by the management body, in addition to what has already been permitted in other areas, the Activities of enjoyment and sustainable use of the Sea of modest environmental impact. The largest extension of the protected marine area usually falls in zone C.
Archaeology in reserve
The seabed of the peninsula, despite the constant looting that occurred most in the last half of the century, are still rich in valuable testimonies of the attendance and the ancient trade. From historical sources we know that even a Roman fleet with Julius Caesar on board made shipwreck at the tip and that many ships sank.
Numerous shipwrecks of Roman and Preroman ships are located near the shoal near the islet of Vetara, the Gauls, the tip of the bell and off the coast of Massa Lubrense. Etruscan, Ionic-Massaliote, Greco-Italic, Roman, African and medieval amphoras are continually dredged by trawling nets, as well as anchor strains and scandals in lead and stone anchors. In the shallows near the portals of the Roman villas there is a large number of exhibits and architectural elements in marble.
The waters of the Sorrentine Peninsula, unlike those of the Blue Grotto, of Cuma and of Pozzuoli, have never attracted the attention of archaeologists and underwater archaeological research in this part of the Coast Bell stent to take off. Yet, besides finds scattered everywhere, the area of the marine park also offers maritime structures, emerged and submerged, worthy of attention and exploration.
Biology in reserve
The purpose of the establishment of the protected marine Area "Punta Campanella" is to preserve one of the most beautiful and luxuriant Italian coastlines from the naturalistic point of view, both for the terrestrial and underwater environments. The approximately 40 Km of coasts of the Sorrentine Peninsula are a succession of green headlands and cozy coves, famous is the Bay of Ieranto that offers to the spectator a unique landscape in its beauty. The waters of the "Land of the Sirens", conceal changing habitats to be discovered in exciting dives. Sheer cliffs alternate with softly degrading walls; More offshore from the bottom there are suddenly some dry, real natural oases in which are concentrated underwater landscapes among the most beautiful in the Mediterranean.
In this stretch of sea it is possible to meet a remarkable variety of animal and vegetable benthic organisms, starting from the first meters to proceed towards deeper environments. Many plant species begin to colonize the substrate from the tide band; Green algae predominate in this area. As the depth increases, the flora changes, enriching with brown and red algae.
Environmental Education Centre "Punta Campanella"
The "Punta Campanella" environmental Education centre interacts closely with the regional network IN. F. E. A. Of the environmental education centres of the Campania region. It aims to make environmental awareness through the dissemination of the culture of sustainability with training and information actions aimed at educational institutions, public and private bodies, hikers and tourists.
The programmes guide the users to the discovery and enhancement of archaeological and historical, natural and geomorphological resources, as well as to the culture and traditions of Campania region. The center also proposes for the current school year a series of activities of environmental education for schools of every order and degree, as well as paths for sustainable tourism.
The programmes are enriched every year with new offers that are flanked by those already experienced for years. The itineraries can be prepared and adapted to the specific needs of the school realities.
How to arrive
For those arriving by train: arrived in Naples at the connecting station FS "Piazza Garibaldi" reach Sorrento with the railway line of the Circumvesuviana. From there continue to Massa Lubrense by bus "SITA" that will stop at Viale Fasakin, where the reserve is located.
For those arriving by car: Arriving in Naples continue on the A3 Salerno-Reggio Calabria motorway until the exit of Castellammare di Stabia, take the State Road 145 Sorrentina and follow the signs for Sorrento and then for Massa Lubrense; Once in the Bishopric Square, stop the car in one of the many nearby car parks and continue on foot to the Vespoli Palace in Viale Fasakin, where the reserve is located.
For those arriving by plane: Arriving at the airport of Capodichino take the bus "Curreri" until Sorrento then continue to Massa Lubrense by bus "SITA" which stops at Viale Fasakin, where the reserve is located.