The sunken park of BAIA
To the northwest of Naples, included in the area of Campi Flegrei, the sunken park of Baia owes its origin to the volcanic nature of the territory. A slow movement of the Earth, the Bradisisma, has modified the coastline causing the progressive immersion.
After having been a commercial port and cemetery of motor, the stretch of sea between the municipalities of Bacoli and Pozzuoli, between the Molo OMLIN and the Lido Augusto, at the foot of the youngest volcano in Europe, the new mountain, was the subject of an action of protection with ID of August 7, 2002. The Ministry for the Environment and the protection of the Territory and the Sea in concert with the Ministries for Cultural heritage and activities, infrastructure and transport, agricultural and forestry policies in agreement with the region of Campania has set up the submerged park of Bay equated to marine protected Area, identifying in its 119 hectares of extension three areas of protection:
Zone A: Integral reserve
The zone A of the submerged park of Baia, is the one called of the integral Reserve and extends to the toe of the epitaph which marks the northern boundary of the small inlet of Baia.
In 1969, the random finding of two statues and the subsequent archaeological excavation, which began only in the 80 years, lead to the discovery at the foot of the promontory of a finely decorated environment. The sculptural group first come to light represents a scene described by Homer: Ulysses and the bayrs companion during the wine offering to the Cyclops Polyphemus for saving life.
Later, the archaeological survey brought to light other sculptures recognized as depictions of the god Dionysus and members of the Giulio-Claudia family who decorated the side walls of the hall. In particular, the statues were identified as depictions of family members of the emperor Claudius, the mother Antonia Minor, personification of the genitive Venus, and Octavia Claudia, the daughter who died at an early age.
The excavated environment was like a large rectangular room apsed on the bottom, entirely covered with marble, with a large central basin, while along the side walls ran a channel for water. This has allowed identification of a nymphaeum i.e. an environment decorated with rich water games probably used as Triclinium.
The sculptural decoration seems to have wanted to incite the visitor to the enjoyment of life according to the Oraziano Carpe Diem, an invitation that is well suited to the function of the room, a Triclinium nymphaeum, now faithfully reproposed in the halls of the castle Aragonese.
Zone B: General Reserve
Zone C: Partial reserve
Famous site for underwater archaeology, the area hides a few meters deep structures to connect to the life of the residential settlement of Roman age.
Sumptuous villas, spas and streets combined with colorful forms of life and gaseous fumes create unexpected and unique seabed in the Mediterranean.
Opening hours: From Tuesday to Sunday from 10.00 to 14.00
• How to get there
By car: From Naples take the Tangenziale in the direction of Pozzuoli, or continue along the Via Domitia until you pass the centre of Pozzuoli. Follow the signs for Baia and Bacoli along via Licola-Patria, then via Miliscola (along the Lucrino Lake).
By bus: With ANM and SEPSA buses that offer connections with Naples.
By train: Get off at Pozzuoli station.
By ferry: With Caremar companies and Pozzuoli ferries departing from Ischia.